Chapter 1 - Physical World. Chapter 2 - Units and Measurement. Chapter 3 - Motion in a Straight Line. Chapter 4 - Motion in a Plane. Chapter 5 - Law of Motion. Chapter 6 - Work, Energy and Power. Chapter 7 - Systems of Particles and Rotational Motion. Chapter 8 - Gravitation.
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Chapter 10 - Mechanical Properties of Fluids. Chapter 11 - Thermal Properties of Matter.
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Solids, Liquids & Gases
Home Tuition in Jaipur. Register now. Class 12th. Class 11th. Class 10th. Class 9th. Class 8th. The forces are attractive in nature and are responsible for holding all the particles together and making the existence of solid state possible.
There are four types of intermolecular forces, namely:. All the first three intermolecular forces are collectively called Van der Waals Forces and are responsible for the existence of solid.
The energy acting between constituent particles of matter in a solid is known as Thermal Energy. Thermal energy is also called Kinetic Energy and is responsible for motion of molecules inside solid lattice. Thermal energy increases with increase in temperature. And hence more the thermal energy faster will be the movement of molecules.
At low temperature the value of thermal energy is low and intermolecular forces are stronger. This resists the flow of molecules and adhere them to oscillate about their mean position. On the basis of the arrangement of constituent particles solids are generally classified into distinct categories, which are:. The solids in which the constituent particles are arranged in a regular manner are called crystalline solids.
They are also known as True Solids. In the crystalline solids, the particles of matter are arranged regularly in a three-dimensional network called A Lattice or Crystal Lattice. There are many points of a crystal lattice and each point represents a constituent particle of matter inside solids.
The Physics and Chemistry of Solids - AbeBooks - Stephen Elliott:
These points are known as Lattice Points or Lattice Sites. Image 4: Example of Amorphous Solid. The solids in which the arrangement of the constituent particle is irregular and not fixed are known as Amorphous Solids. Amorphous solids have a tendency to flow slowly, hence they are also known as Pseudo Solids. Glass, an example of amorphous solid is used widely as a major industry component like in buildings, window panes etc.
Polymers and gels are used majorly in maintenance industry and ensure proper functioning of electronic and mechanical equipments. Several solids are used these days to cure certain diseases, thereby aiding the medical industries to do better.
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Image 5: Glass is one of the most cited examples of Amorphous Solids. There are sub topics of solid state chemistry:. Close packing in crystals. Packing Fractions. Chemistry and Physics of Solids and Surfaces Department. Experiments and simulation of reactive plasmas: plasma surface interaction and surface processing. Development of functional thin films.
Metallurgy and Surfaces. Materials with thermoelectric properties.