Many Kneadlessly Simple breads—including some rustically handsome boules and fancy dessert breads—are shaped entirely or mostly by their baking container. Breads such as French baguettes, Italian ciabattas, cinnamon pinwheel loaves, and finger rolls obviously need some hand-shaping, but this step is often completed on baking parchment to minimize sticking and handling problems as well as kitchen counter cleanup.
In many recipes the last stirring actually involves folding the edges of the dough into the center of its bowl using a rubber spatula; this is another small, but important, step. Complete the second rise using the rising option that best suits your schedule. Speeding up the second rise won't shortchange flavor because it's already there. Or, if you need or want to put off baking until much later, simply place the shaped dough in the refrigerator and hold it as long as the recipe permits usually 24 hours before completing a regular rise.
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Bake as directed; let the loaf cool; and enjoy your bread! Because the Kneadlessly Simple method produces stirrable doughs, they are likely to be slightly moister and require longer baking than normal to ensure the center is baked through. That's why the recipes routinely suggest a few extra minutes in the oven after loaves appear to be done. If in doubt, remember that with Kneadlessly Simple, breads are moist enough that they almost never dry out and actually benefit from what may seem to be overbaking.
Experts almost universally agree that yeast breads benefit from a long, slow, cool or cold first rise. Developing the rich, soul-satisfying taste and aroma that make good bread one of nature's greatest foods just can't be rushed. And rushing won't save enough time to make yeast baking noticeably more convenient, anyway. On the other hand, slowing the process makes it easy to adjust the risings to the demands of daily life. Even more important, dramatically slowing down the first rise by mixing the dry ingredients including a rather modest amount of yeast with ice water yes, ice-cold water!
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While high temperatures can kill yeast organisms, icy temperatures just temporarily knock 'em cold so to speak! With the yeast out of commission, some enzymes in the flour go to work breaking down damaged starch into sugars. Normally the yeast organisms would rev up activity in the presence of this banquet, but instead they remain available to significantly improve bread taste, crust color, and appearance.
Other enzymes are also busy softening and smoothing the crumb and strengthening the gluten. Known as delayed first fermentation, this recently introduced technique is beginning to catch on with professional bakers, and, fortunately, it's an effortless way for home bakers to improve their bread, too. Peter Reinhart, who learned the basic method from a French baker and discussed it in his award-winning work, The Bread Baker's Apprentice, commented that it had tremendous implications for both professional and home bakers; he was absolutely right!
I call for a 3- to hour delayed fermentation because I've found that all the most noticeable improvements—richer dough flavor, smoother texture, and more attractive browning—occur in that period. As the dough warms and the yeast comes back to life, the long, slow fermentation produces even more flavor enhancers. If you don't have a suitably cool room, place the dough close to an air-conditioning vent or unit, or lacking that, refrigerate it for at least 3 hours first.
This slows down the yeast organisms so they won't become too active from the heat and over-ferment the dough. Fermentation also produces carbon dioxide gas bubbles that cause the mixture to expand, sometimes three- or four-fold, and have a holey, sponge-like appearance. This, of course, is why bakers often call the bubby, airy dough mixture a sponge.
To the naked eye, the bubbling action of the sponge may not seem significant, but, over time, it accomplishes on the molecular level exactly what kneading does faster and more obviously: It jostles and bounces around molecules called gliadin and glutenin so they hook up and form the strong, elastic gluten strands needed for good bread structure.
Baggett, Nancy : Kneadlessly simple : fabulous, fuss-free, no-knead breads / Nancy Baggett
The process, which I've dubbed micro-kneading, isn't visible, but its effects are: Thoroughly micro-kneaded doughs are extremely elastic and springy and will stretch out so thin you can see the light through them. Bakers call this passing the windowpane test.
Aside from its ease, a big advantage of micro-kneading is that certain flavorful carotenoid compounds in unbleached flour that are normally lost through oxidation during vigorous kneading are preserved. Another advantage is that the long, slow fermentation actually boosts the digestibility of bits of grain and seeds.
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Bread chemists have known for several decades that doughs, especially ones moist enough to permit lots of bubbling, will eventually and very effectively knead themselves. But except for a few minimal-knead, refrigerator-rise recipes for home cooks that appeared in the s, recipes don't seem to have capitalized on this phenomenon until recently.
Perhaps professional bakers didn't take an interest because they already have powerful, efficient kneading equipment to do the job. But for home bakers who don't have the time, skill, desire, or equipment to knead, the value is enormous. After the first rise, most recipes call for stirring the dough.
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This is done to deflate it and to incorporate any dairy or other perishable products that can't safely stand at room temperature for long periods. Sugar and dried fruit also inhibit yeast organisms by binding up water vital for their growth, so they are often added after the first rise, too. Certain herbs and spices contain chemicals that hinder yeast growth as well. In my experience, garlic, onion, oregano, thyme, mustard, cinnamon, cloves, cardamom, and ginger have particularly strong retarding effects.
So, don't toss in larger quantities than my testing has shown the yeast will tolerate! Once these ingredients are incorporated, it's important to add in enough flour to stiffen the dough as directed in the recipe. While super-hydration facilitates the bubbling that develops the gluten in the first rise, in the second rise too much water can be a liability. It can lead to doughiness in the final product, and can weaken the gluten and add weight to the point where the loaf sinks in the center during baking.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue? Upload Sign In Join. Save For Later. Create a List. Summary The ultimate guide of super-simple no-knead bread recipes For years, home cooks have shied away from baking their own yeast bread because they were intimidated by the mess, expertise, and kneading required.
ISBN 13: 9780470399866
Perfect for inexperienced bakers and busy home cooks who don't have the time for kneading and kitchen clean-up yeast breads usually require, as well as budget-conscious consumers who love homemade artisan bread flavor, but not artisan bakery prices Author Nancy Baggett is the bestselling author of 13 cookbooks Includes 73 foolproof bread recipes for comfy classics like Cinnamon-Raisin Bread to contemporary favorites like Rosemary Focaccia Nothing beats a loaf of fresh, warm-from-the-oven bread.
Baggett, Nancy. You may be interested in Baking with kids : inspiring a love of cooking with recipes for bread, cupcakes, cheesecake, and more! Young adult Plays 1. Arts and culture Archives and museums 12 Architecture 32 Visual arts and sculpture 59 Design and art handicraft 13 Theatre, cinema and dance New art forms 13 Photography and graphics 85 General art history Business economics and entrepreneurship Client service and marketing Leadership Business accounting and bookkeeping Education and psychology Ethics and art of living Educational science and pedagogy Developmental psychology 24 Logic and theory of knowledge 64 Learning and emotional functions Family upbringing 31 Personality Exercise and sports Fitness and training 69 Other sports 72 Ball games and icehockey 88 Winter sports 7 Athletics Health care Anatomy and physiology 18 Gynaecology and pregnancy 19 Well-being Mental health and psychiatry 79 Narcotic addiction 8 Diseases and treatments General medicine The ironic download strangers on the western front: chinese workers in the great war Public Opinion: Economics and Social Change.
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